In this time of crisis, the responsibility for the future of the EU has fallen to the Member States. The European Commission is reticent to propose an ambitious agenda and it is often up to Member States to launch new initiatives. The intergovernmental approach, which still persists formally in areas such as defence or agreement of the multi-annual financial framework, has become—informally—more prominent at the EU level during recent years. It seems that until the debt crisis is resolved the situation will not change.
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