On the February 19, 2015, the President of the Republic gave a speech on nuclear deterrence. Although it did not contain any major announcements, it reaffirms our nuclear policy while further elaborating upon it – something that the 2013 White Paper did not do – and in this respect provides significant clarifications on French doctrine and posture, and mentions several instances of reorientation.
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Deterrence according to François Hollande
Note de la FRS n°10/2015
Bruno Tertrais, June 1, 2015