French nuclear deterrence policy, forces, and future

Recherches & Documents n°01/2019
Bruno Tertrais, janvier 2019

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Author’s note: this monograph was designed as an unclassified and factual summary of French nuclear policy. It was originally written in French at the request of and with support from the French Ministry for the Armed Forces, and published as La France et la dissuasion nucléaire: concept, moyens, avenir (La Documentation française, new edition 2017). Translated, adapted and updated by the author with support from the French Ministry for the Armed Forces. The author remains solely responsible for its content.

The author would like to extend a particular word of thanks to Sylvie Le Sage (Ministry of the Aremd Forces), who diligently and carefully reviewed this English translation. Any errors, however, remain his.


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